This day in history: Genocide in Rwanda
The still unsolved death of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana, set off a chain of events that led to the large scale massacre of a minority group.
Ethnic violence between the Hutu majority and Tutsi minority spread from the capital, Kigali, into the rest of the country.
By the time the violence was brought to an end around mid-July 1994, it is estimated that between 500 000 and one million people had been killed, a significant portion of those being Tutsi.
The violence left behind a trail of destruction, with infrastructure and the economy devastated and millions of children orphaned.
Other events on this day:
1980 - Rhodesia gains independence from Britain and is renamed Zimbabwe. Robert Mugabe, leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), becomes prime minister, and eventually president - a position he still holds today.
1965 - Uganda becomes the first non-communist country to formally denounce the United States of America's involvement in Vietnam.
1946 - The League of Nations, forerunner to the United Nations, is officially dissolved in Geneva, Switzerland.
1905 - Enoch Mankayi Sontonga, composer of South Africa's national anthem Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrica dies at the age of 32. He composed the hymn at the age of 24. It gained prominence seven years after his death, when the African National Congress (ANC) used it as an anthem of Black struggle against oppression.
1658 - The first western-style school is established at the Cape, six years after the arrival of Jan van Riebeek and the Dutch settlers. Willem Wijland is appointed religious instructor.
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